The WAB agrees to withdraw Boris Johnson, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. The strategic choice of deputies seconded at second reading is difficult. If the WAB is refused, it ends the session immediately. But MPs may decide to take a wait-and-see approach: even if the bill is passed at second reading, it may be rejected at third reading at a later date. And Parliament can use the WAB`s passage to try to change it – for example, to seek a customs union in future relations or to condition approval on a „confirmation vote.“ On November 13, 2017, Brexit Minister David Davis announced a new bill to enshrine the withdrawal agreement in national law through primary legislation. In further talks in the House of Commons, Davis said that if the UK decided not to pass the law on 29 March 2019, the UK would remain on track to leave the EU without a deal, having invoked Article 50 in March 2017, following the adoption of the Notification of Withdrawal Act 2017.  The EU Law (Withdrawal Agreement) 2019 was submitted to the House of Commons and on Monday 21 October 2019, at first reading, the second reading took place on 22 October 2019 and we published a briefing on that date. The law did not progress before the dissolution of Parliament for the 2019 British general election. But there will be strong opposition. A tight timetable is controversial because of the constitutional importance of waB, given that the withdrawal agreement gives a role to the European Court of Justice and that delegate powers should allow ministers to adopt areas such as the Northern Ireland Protocol. Apart from the context of a major national emergency or threat to national security, it is highly unusual for a major draft constitution to be introduced by the House of Commons in such a short period of time. It is only when the bill has successfully negotiated all these steps that the United Kingdom will be formally able to ratify a withdrawal treaty with the European Union. As an important draft constitution, the committee phase will take place on the floor of the Assembly.
The committee phase of the process is dominated by the amendments proposed by MEPs. The House of Lords, which must approve all legislation, tends to pay particular attention to aspects of bills relating to rights and cases relating to the courts, the judiciary and political institutions in the United Kingdom. With different support, the House of Lords on Monday and Tuesday passed five amendments that would give EU citizens the right to remain in the UK without having to ask for that right and give them documentary proof of the law; a second that deprives ministers of the power to decide which decisions of the European Court of Justice could be flouted or overturned; a third, which annulled the independence of the British courts with regard to EU jurisprudence; a fourth, proposed by Lord Alfred Dubs, who arrived from Czechoslovakia in 1939 as a child, fleeing persecution of Jews after the seizure of power in Germany, which would reunite refugee children with their families; and a fifth, which took note of the Sewel Convention, under which Parliament should not legislate on decentralised issues without the agreement of the decentralised institutions.