In the past, adoption has been seen primarily as a way for a childless couple to „normalize“ their relationship. However, the focus has changed; Adoption is generally seen as an institution that helps to place children in a better environment. In an open adoption agreement, there are fewer unknowns. This is because the birth parents and adoptive parents came together to make a plan. They discussed, directly or through an agency, the amount of communication they have with each other after the placement. They share a mutual and unconditional love for their child and understand that it is above all the open adoption agreement that has been concluded in the best interests of their baby. Although adoption is often described as a „forever“ family, the relationship can be broken at any time. The legal cessation of an adoption is called a disorder. In American terminology, adoptions are disrupted when they are completed before they are completed, and they are dissolved when the relationship is subsequently terminated.
It can also be described as a failed hypothesis. After legal completion, the disruption procedure is usually initiated by adoptive parents through a legal petition and is analogous to the divorce proceedings. This is a legal route that is unique for adoptive parents, as disruption/dissolution does not apply to biological members, although biological family members are sometimes disavowed or abandoned.  The painful case of „Baby M“ turned out to be the ultimate end of surrogacy contracts. In re baby m, 109 N.J. 396, 537A.2d 1227 (1988), Mary Beth Whitehead entered into a written agreement on the child of William Stern, whose wife Elizabeth Stern could not have children. Whitehead was to receive 10,000 $US for their services. When the little girl was born in 1985, Whitehead refused to abandon her and fled to Florida with the baby. Four months later, she was arrested by the authorities who handed the baby over to the Sterns. n. the fostering of a child in the family, the creation of a parent-child relationship and the granting of all the rights and privileges of the child, including the right to inherit as if the child were the natural child of the adoptive child. The adoption process depends on the origin of the child through an adoption agency or a stranger or related relative, as well as the age of the child, adoptive parent or parent.